Corporate Social Responsibility and Community Development in the Niger Delta

Ebienfa Kimiebi Imomotimi, Adikoko Ebitimi Collins


This paper analyzes the nexus between corporate social responsibility and community development in Niger Delta, using the case of the Nigerian Agip Oil Company and community development in selected host communities in Bayelsa State. The paper revealed that, the oil companies score conspicuously low in the discharge of Corporate Social Responsibility activities in tandem with the huge profit they make from the area. This is because the living standard of the local people is still low and in pitiable conditions. Again, whereas, there are memoranda of understanding signing between the oil companies and the host communities, the oil companies more often than not fail to implement such agreements invariably negates the promotion of community development. More so, MOU’s programmes do not reflect the priority needs of the people, which make such projects subject to abuse and misuse. The paper therefore recommends that the laws governing the Nigerian oil industry need to be reviewed to compel oil companies to carry out social responsibility activities. More so, the MOU’s must be respected, implemented and fully driven by the spirit of popular participation to give the oil bearing communities a sense of belonging and that will help to close the curtain of strained relationship between oil companies and their host communities.


Oil; Development; Corporate social responsibility; Multinational corporations

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