The Impact of Colonial Rule on the Political Relations Between Ondo and Its Neighbours, 1915-1951

Samson Adesola


This paper examines the impact of colonial rule on the political relations between Ondo and its neighbours between 1915 and 1951. The paper argues that the imposition of British colonial policy of the administration greatly affected the existence of pre-colonial peaceful political relations between Ondo and its neighbours. Before the imposition of British colonial administration on the whole Nigeria in general, and Yorubaland in particular, each Yoruba community enjoyed political independent. It was the introduction of native administration (indirect rule) by the British thus leading to the creation and imposition of Native Authority, one of the instruments of native administration over a considerable number of communities that were hitherto independent that eventually resulted in the emergence of strain in the political relations between some communities in Yorubaland in general and Ondo Division in particular. It, therefore, submits that the British centralisation of political authority over the whole of Ondo district through the use of Osemawe of Ondo, as the sole Native Authority brought an end to an interesting experiment of Native Administration in the district as a result of various agitations.


Colonial rule; Colonial policy; Political relations; Ondo; Neigbours

Full Text:



Adeloye, T. S. (1996). The development of British administration in Ekitiland, 1915-1951.(Ph.D.Thesis). Department of History University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Adewoye, O. (1977). The judicial system in Southern Nigeria, 1854-1954. (p.13). London: Longman Group Limited.

Adeyemi, M. C. (1993). Ondo kingdom: Its history and culture (pp.145-149). In N. Aluko-Olokun (Enlarged). Ondo: Bounty Press Limited.

Afigbo, A. E. (1992). The warrant chiefs in South Eastern Nigeria (pp.168-169). Ibadan: Longman Group Limited.

Akinbinuade, K. O. (2004). Iwe Itan Ondo (pp.69-71). Ondo: Kejok Communications.

Akinsemiwa, A. O. (1994). Ile –Oluji: Traditional growth and neighbours (p.29). Ibadan: Adeline Ventures.

Akintoye, S. A. (1971). Revolution and power politics in Yorubaland, 1840-1893 (p.48). London: Longman Group Limited.

Alao, A. A. (2003). Colonial rule and Judicial Reforms, 1900-1960. In A. Oyebade (Ed.), The foundation of Nigeria: Essay in honour of Toyin Falola (pp.201-202). Trenton: Africa World Press Inc.

Asiwaju, A. I. (1980). The western province under colonial rule. In O. Ikime (Ed.), Groundwork of Nigerian history. Ibadan: Heinemann Educational Books (Nig) Plc.

Atanda, J. A. (1973). The new Oyo empire: Indirect rule and change in Western Nigeria 1894-1934. (p.124). London: Longman Groups Limited.

Ayandele, E. A. (1974). The missionary impact on modern Nigeria 1842-1914. A political and social analysis (p.29). London: Longman Group Limited.

Falola, T., Mahadi, A., Uhomoibhi, M., & Anyanwu, U. (1991). History of Nigeria 3: Nigeria in the 20th century (p.189). Ibadan: Longman Nigeria Plc.

Fawehimi, R. O. (1993). Makers of Ode-Ondo parts 1,2,3 (volume 1). Ibadan: Longman Publisher Limited.

Igbafe, P. A. (1967). Benin under British administration 1897-1938. (Ph.D. Thesis). Department of History University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Ikime, O. (1965). Itsekiri-Urbobo relations and the Establishment of British rule, 1884-1936 (Ph.D. Thesis). Department of History. University of Ibadan,


Komolafe, C. O. (1979). The establishment of British administration and its impact on Owo-Akoko relations, 1919-1935. Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, 10(1), 65.

Lloyd, P. C. (1953). Kings, chiefs and Local Government in West Africa (p.45). London: Oxford University Press.

Ogunsakin, P. (1976). Ondo, the people, their customs and traditions (pp.69-72). Lagos. Inway Publishers.

Okonjo, I. M. (1977). British administration in Nigeria 1900 – 1950. A Nigerian view. (p.44). New York: Nok Publishers Limited.

Omojeje, A. V. (2007). The administration of native courts in Ondo town, 191-1960 (Unpublished, MPhil Thesis). Department of History Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Orewa, G. O. (1961). Taxation in Western Nigeria. The problem of an emergence state (p.1). Ibadan: Oxford University Press

Tamuno, T. N. (1972). The evolution of the Nigerian state the southern phase (p.9). Ibadan: Longman Group Limited.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Samson Adesola

About us | Privacy Policy | Online Submissions
Home | Search | Browse | My Journals | Sign In | Contact Us | Help 

Copyright © 2014 by Developing Country Think Tank Institute